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What has driven deforestation in developing countries since the 2000s? Evidence from new remote-sensing data

Using newly-released and globally available high resolution remote sensing data on forest loss, we update the assessment of the crosscountry determinants of deforestation in developing countries. We validate most of the major determinants found in the previous literature, generally based on earlier time-periods, except for the role of institutional quality. Agricultural trade, hitherto relatively neglected, is found to be one of the main factors causing deforestation. Focusing on the effect of international trade, we show that countries with different levels of relative forest cover react differently to a shock in agricultural exports value. We also emphasize that taking countries’ development into account may be critical in assessing global deforestation trends. The impact of trade is high in countries still endowed with a large proportion of forest cover while it is lower in countries with smaller remaining forest cover.

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Author(s) Antoine Leblois, Olivier Damette, Julien Wolfersberger,
Last Updated February 11, 2021, 20:16 (UTC)
Created December 8, 2020, 05:11 (UTC)
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Date 2016-11-09
Publishing Body World Development 92 (2017)
Content Type Publications
Primary Category Environment
Sub Category Terrestrial
Country Name Global
Publishing Organization New Light Technologies