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Land use and land cover dynamics in the Keleta watershed, Awash River basin, Ethiopia

Unprecedented pace and magnitude of land use/land cover (LULC) change in the Ethiopian highlands is a key problem threatening the natural ecosystem and creates vulnerability to an environmental hazard. A combination of remote sensing, field observations and focus group discussions were used to analyze the dynamics and drivers of LULC change from 1985 to 2011 in the Keleta watershed, Ethiopia. Supervised image classification was used to map LULC classes. Focus group discussions and ranking were used to explain the drivers and causes linked to the changes. The result showed rapid expansion of farmland and settlement (36%), shrublands cover shrinking by 50%, while the size of degraded land increased by 45%. Rapid population growth, rainfall variability and soil fertility decline, lack of fuelwood and shortage of cultivation land were ranked as the main causes of LULC change in the watershed according to the focus group discussion. Further effort is needed to improve the creation of new job opportunity, promotion of improved technologies to boost productivity and soil fertility, provide credit facility, extra push on irrigation infrastructure development and soil, water and natural ecosystem conservation practices. Generally, better community-based land resource management will need to ensure sustainable rural livelihoods.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Author(s) Daniel Bekele,Tena Alamirew, ORCID Icon, Asfaw Kebede, Gete Zeleke & Assefa M. Melesse
Last Updated April 2, 2021, 14:19 (UTC)
Created April 2, 2021, 14:19 (UTC)
Stable Link
Date 2018-12-27
Publishing Body Environmental Hazards
Content Type Publications
Primary Category Demographics & Socioeconomics
Sub Category Settlement Dynamics
Country Name Ethiopia
Location-Region/City Awash River Basin
Location Latitude 9.091472974
Location Longitude 40.12457005
Publishing Organization New Light Technologies