Historical reconstructions of land-use/cover change often require comparing maps derived from different sources. The objective of this study was to measure land-use/cover changes over the last 225 years at the scale of a Belgian landscape, Lierneux in Ardennes, on the basis of a heterogeneous time series of land cover data. The comparability between the land-cover maps was increased following a method of data integration by map generalisation. Two types of time series were built by integrating the maps either by reference to the initial map of the time series or by pair of successive maps. Land-cover change detection was performed on the initial time series without data integration and on the two types of integrated time series. Results reveal that land cover and landscape structure have been subject to profound changes in Lierneux since 1775, with an annual rate of change at the landscape level of up to 1.40%. The major land-cover change processes observed are expansion of grasslands-croplands and reforestation with coniferous species, leading to amore fragmented landscape structure. The annual rates of land-cover change estimated from integrated data are significantly different from the annual rates of change estimated without a prior integration of the data. There is a trade-off between going as far back in time as possibleversus performing change detection as accurately as possible.